Record Levels of Displacement Amid Global Conflict and Natural Disasters – Global Issues


Mr Piper said the current global figure of 76 million represents those who “lost their homes, livelihoods, their communities and in some cases their legal identitiesdue to wars, disasters such as earthquakes and floods, and other weather-related disasters.”

Unlike refugees, internally displaced persons (IDPs) have not crossed international borders. While some return home relatively quickly, tens of millions of people are trapped in long-term displacement of five to ten years or more.

War and disaster

This long-term displacement is usually the result of conflict and war. Meanwhile, millions more have been displaced natural disasters as floods, storms, earthquakes and forest fires ravage countries around the world.

The latest figures collected by the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) showed that 68.3 million people remained internally displaced due to conflict and violence. An estimated 9.1 million people were displaced in Sudan, the largest internally displaced population ever reported.

This was followed by Syria (7.2 million) and the Democratic Republic of Congo (6.7 million).

In war-torn Gaza, more than eight in ten people have been displaced 1.9 million citizens. Haiti has also suffered record numbers of displaced people, with 600,000 people forced to leave their homes, double the number last year.

Meanwhile, Myanmar’s civil war has left the vast majority of the three million displaced people there without proper shelter and access to food and water, according to independent UN expert Paula Betancur.

Rights violations lead to displacement

Tackling the Council for Human Rights in Geneva on Friday, Ms Betancur also cited a lack of accountability for human rights violations as a major cause of displacement, while calling for the Council for Human Rights‘Member States must recognize the “individual stories of loss, resilience and hope” behind the record numbers of displaced people.

Long-term solutions are needed

While UN humanitarian teams helped as many as 50 million displaced people last year, Mr Piper has called for more efforts to create lasting solutions.

The Secretary-General’s Action Agenda on Internal Displacement The aim is to break this long-term pattern of displacement and create sustainable solutions, to better prevent new displacement crises from emerging and to ensure that those facing displacement receive effective protection and assistance.

The Agenda contained 31 concrete commitments, and 22 different UN agencies signed up to it.

Mr Piper also called on Member States to create an intergovernmental forum to address the issue in a more cross-cutting manner, rather than relying too heavily on the work of the UN Refugee Agency (UN).UNHCR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM).

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